Dentures – complete and partial dentures

What are Dentures?

Dentures are basically removable appliances which can replace missing teeth, helping to restore your smile once again. They’re removable false teeth, usually made of nylon, acrylic (plastic), or metal. You could have lost all your natural teeth. It could be as a result of tooth decay, injury or gum disease.
Replacing your missing teeth will be quite beneficial, both to your appearance and health as well. That’s especially the case considering that dentures will make it much easier to eat. You’ll find that you can now speak better than how you could without teeth. Gaps left by missing teeth may cause problems with speech and eating. These are some of the obvious, but crucial aspects people often take for granted.

Denture smile

Dentures keep your natural smile and face shape

On losing all of your teeth, the facial muscles might sag, and in turn, make you look older than you are. Dentures help to fill out the appearance and profile of your face. They can be designed to closely resemble your very natural teeth, and thus, your appearance won’t change much. They’re also capable of improving the look of your smile. In turn, this will even boost your confidence.

Types of Dentures

There’re two types of dentures, namely complete and partial dentures. These are as described below:

Complete Dentures

These can either be immediate or conventional. They’re made after the teeth are removed, and when healing of the gum tissue has already begun. Complete dentures will fit snugly over the jawbone and gums. Usually, a conventional denture will be ready for placement about 8-12 weeks after the teeth are removed.
An immediate denture is made in advance, and may be positioned once the teeth are removed. As such, the wearer doesn’t have to be without teeth while in the healing period. However, the bones and gums could shrink over time, altering in shape fairly quickly. That is more probable to happen during the healing period following the removal of teeth.
Immediate dentures may be disadvantageous when compared to conventional ones. Immediate dentures will prompt for more adjustments in order to fit properly while in the healing process. Generally, immediate dentures should be considered as just a temporary solution for the period until one is ready to have conventional dentures made.

Partial Dentures

Removable partial dentures, also known as bridges, comprise replacement teeth which are attached to a gum-colored, or pink, plastic base. This is sometimes connected by a metal framework which holds your denture perfectly in place.
A partial denture is used when one or more natural teeth have remained in the lower or upper jaw. A fixed bridge will replace one teeth by having crowns placed on your teeth, on either side of that space, and artificial teeth attached onto them. The ‘bridge’ is then well cemented into place.
In addition to filling in the spaces that are brought about by missing teeth, a partial denture prevents other teeth from shifting from their position. A precision partial denture is easily removable, having internal attachments instead of clasps which attach to adjacent crowns. That is definitely a more natural-looking appliance.

Your Denture Care and Maintenance

Dentures could feel somehow strange to begin with. However, you’ll get used to wearing them with time. At the very first, you could have to wear your dentures throughout, even while sleeping. Your dental technician or dentist will advise on whether you ought to remove the dentures before going to sleep.
It’s not always necessary that you removes your dentures at night, but in doing so, you’ll allow for your gums to rest while you’re asleep. Should you remove your dentures, you should be sure to keep them moist. For instance, you could keep them in water or in a polythene bag having dampened cotton wool in it. This will prevent the denture material from changing shape and drying out.

Dental Hygiene for Dentures

You must ascertain to keep your mouth clean as you’d without dentures. Ensure to brush all your remaining teeth, tongue, and gums, every morning and evening. This will help prevent gum disease, tooth decay, and other dental problems.
It’s important that you remove food deposits and plague from your dentures on a regular basis, that is, 2-3 times every day. Unclean dentures could lead to various problems, including gum disease, oral thrush, bad breath, and tooth decay. It’s highly recommended that you clean your dentures at least twice a day.
You may brush your dentures with soap or toothpaste, and water, before soaking them in order to remove food particles. You could also soak them in a fizzy solution, containing denture-cleaning tablets, to remove bacteria and stains. More appropriately, ensure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Dentures may break if handled improperly. You should take care not to drop them. As such, clean them over a water-filled sink or bowl, or on a soft material such as a towel that’s folded.

Denture adjustments a.k.a. keep seeing your dentist

It’s vital that you continue having dental checkups on a regular basis. This will allow the dentist to examine your oral tissues, and mouth as a whole, to check on the progress. Don’t attempt adjusting a denture yourself. Also, don’t use denture adhesives for prolonged durations as this could lead to bone loss. Whenever you’re in doubt, consult your dentist.